Having multiple tax residencies

Jul 15, 2023

Having multiple tax residencies can be a complex situation, but it is becoming more and more common in our globalized world. If you are a digital nomad, an expat, or simply spend a considerable amount of time in different countries, you may be considered a tax resident in more than one place.

What is tax residency?

Tax residency is a legal concept that determines in which country you are liable to pay taxes. It is not the same as citizenship or nationality. Each country has its own rules to determine tax residency, but the most common criteria are:

  • How many days you spend in the country
  • Your permanent home or address
  • Your economic ties to the country (e.g. work, business, investments)

If you meet any of these criteria, you may be considered a tax resident in that country and be required to pay taxes there.

Why does it matter?

Having multiple tax residencies can have important implications for your finances. If you are not careful, you may end up paying double taxes or missing out on tax benefits. Here are some of the main reasons why it matters:

  • Double taxation: If you are considered a tax resident in two countries, you may be required to pay taxes on the same income in both places. This can happen if the countries do not have a tax treaty or if the treaty does not cover all types of income. To avoid double taxation, you may need to claim tax credits or exemptions.
  • Tax rates: Different countries have different tax rates and brackets. If you are a tax resident in a high-tax country, you may end up paying more taxes than if you were a tax resident in a low-tax country. This can also affect your eligibility for tax deductions and credits.
  • Reporting requirements: Each country has its own tax laws and reporting requirements. If you are a tax resident in multiple countries, you may need to file tax returns and disclose your foreign assets and income in each place. Failure to comply with these requirements can result in penalties and fines.

How to manage multiple tax residencies?

If you have multiple tax residencies, it is important to seek professional advice from a tax expert or accountant. They can help you navigate the complex tax laws and regulations and optimize your tax situation. Here are some tips to get started:

  • Understand your tax residency status in each country and the tax laws that apply to you
  • Check if there is a tax treaty between the countries and how it affects your tax situation
  • Claim tax credits or exemptions to avoid double taxation
  • Optimize your tax deductions and credits in each country
  • Keep accurate records of your income, expenses, and taxes paid

By following these tips and seeking professional advice, you can manage your multiple tax residencies and avoid costly mistakes.


Having multiple tax residencies can be challenging, but it is not impossible to manage. By understanding your tax residency status, seeking professional advice, and optimizing your tax situation, you can minimize your tax burden and comply with the tax laws in each country. Don't let taxes be a barrier to your global lifestyle!